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Chemicals in marine organisms help them survive in extreme pressures

Scientists found certain chemicals in the cells of sea organisms that help them survive in the extreme pressure under the ocean. Scientists have recently discovered a certain type of chemical which is found in the cells of the sea organisms that actually helps them survive in extremely high pressure deep under the sea. The research done by the scientists states that the sea creatures need to experience extreme pressure as deep as they live underwater.

For instance the deepest point in the pacific ocean is approximately 10-11 kilometers lower than the surface level. The pressure in that region is about 8 tons per square inch. In normal pressure, the water molecules are connected in the shape of a pyramid. But as we go deep under high pressure, the water molecules start to break up and switch shapes.

Chemicals in marine organisms help them survive in extreme pressuresWhen such things happen in the living organisms’ cells, it stops the process of vital chemical formation, which eventually kills the organism off. But in this research conducted by the scientists of Leeds, they find out about how these vital chemical formations contribute in making the marine organisms survive in such harsh pressure deep underwater.

The water molecule that is found in these organisms who live deep underwater is known as the trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO). This compound is from the group of amine oxides. It serves the purposes of balancing out protein and water molecules in the fishes or other marine organisms contributing to their survival deep under the sea.

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